Fluoridating remineralizing of enamel

Common sources of fluoride are fluoridated drinking water, toothpaste, and mouth rinse.

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Fluoride also helps speed remineralization as well as disrupts acid production in already erupted teeth of both children and adults.

As mentioned, fluoride is found in foods and in water.

Minerals are lost (demineralization) from a tooth's enamel layer when acids -- formed from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth -- attack the enamel.

Minerals such as fluoride, calcium, and phosphate are redeposited (remineralization) to the enamel layer from the foods and waters consumed.

Plaque on the surface of your teeth can produce acids that seep into the pores (rods) of the enamel and break down its internal structure.

This process, called demineralization, can create a weak spot on the surface of the tooth that may become a cavity if left untreated.

Whether fluoride is swallowed, like when you drink tap water, or applied topically when you brush your teeth, fluoride actually makes your enamel stronger.

Fluoride was added to our drinking water about 70 years ago, and it has helped reduce tooth decay in children and adults by 25 percent.

Fluoride is a mineral that occurs naturally in many foods and water.

Every day, minerals are added to and lost from a tooth's enamel layer through two processes, demineralization and remineralization.

Biomimetic approaches to stabilization of bioavailable calcium, phosphate, and fluoride ions and the localization of these ions to non-cavitated caries lesions for controlled remineralization shows great promise for the non-invasive management of dental caries.

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